Non-intubated spontaneous ventilation in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a meta-analysis


Wen Yaokai12,Liang Hengrui1,Qiu Guanping2,Liu Zhichao1,Liu Jun1,Ying Weiqiang1,Liang Wenhua1,He Jianxing1


1. Department of Thoracic Surgery and Oncology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, Guangzhou, China

2. Nanshan School, Guangzhou Medical University, Panyu District, Guangzhou, China


Abstract It remains unclear whether non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is comparable or advantageous compared with conventional intubated VATS. Thus, we systematically assessed the feasibility and safety of non-intubated VATS compared with intubated VATS perioperatively for the treatment of different thoracic diseases. An extensive search of literature databases was conducted. Perioperative outcomes were compared between 2 types of operations. The time trend of the overall results was evaluated through a cumulative meta-analysis. Subgroup analyses of different thoracic diseases and study types were examined. Twenty-seven studies including 2537 patients were included in the analysis. A total of 1283 patients underwent non-intubated VATS; intubated VATS was performed on the other 1254 patients. Overall, the non-intubated VATS group had fewer postoperative overall complications [odds ratios (OR) 0.505; P < 0.001]; shorter postoperative fasting times [standardized mean difference (SMD) −2.653; P < 0.001]; shorter hospital stays (SMD −0.581; P < 0.001); shorter operative times (SMD −0.174; P = 0.041); shorter anaesthesia times (SMD −0.710; P < 0.001) and a lower mortality rate (OR 0.123; P = 0.020). Non-intubated VATS may be a safe and feasible alternative to intubated VATS and provide a more rapid postoperative rehabilitation time than conventional intubated VATS.


National Key R&D Program of China

National Science Foundation

Key Project of Guangzhou Scientific Research

Guangzhou Medical University


Oxford University Press (OUP)


Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine,Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine,General Medicine,Surgery







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