Topical administration of the secretome derived from human amniotic epithelial cells ameliorates psoriasis-like skin lesions in mice


Yang Mengbo,Wang Lanqi,Chen Zhimin,Hao Weijie,You Qian,Lin Jianhua,Tang Jingzhi,Zhao Xin,Gao Wei-Qiang,Xu HuimingORCID


Abstract Background Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Tissue stem cells have exhibited a therapeutic effect on psoriatic mice. However, the therapeutic effect of topical administration of the secretome derived from tissue stem cells on psoriasis has not been reported. Methods The secretome from human amniotic epithelial cells (AEC-SC) and human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UMSC-SC) was topically administrated on the back of imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like mice. Subsequently, we observed the skin lesions and skin inflammation of psoriasis-like mice. Next, we further analyzed the paracrine factors in AEC-SC and UMSC-SC by protein chips. Lastly, the effect of the crucial paracrine factor was investigated by imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like mice. Results We found that AEC-SC had a better therapeutic effect on attenuating psoriasis-like skin lesions including skin scales, skin redness and skin thickness than UMSC-SC, and it had a better regulatory effect on keratinocyte hyperproliferation and altered differentiation. Thus, we focused on AEC-SC. Further study showed that AEC-SC reduced the infiltration of neutrophils and interleukin-17-producing T cells. Next, the analysis of AEC-SC with protein chip revealed that the levels of anti-inflammatory factor interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) were much higher in AEC-SC compared to that in UMSC-SC. More importantly, the beneficial effect of AEC-SC on psoriasis-like skin lesions and skin inflammation of mice were significantly impaired when neutralizing with IL-1ra antibody, while the recombinant human IL-1ra showed a less protective effect than AEC-SC. Conclusions The present study demonstrated that AEC-SC could efficiently ameliorate psoriasis-like skin lesions and skin inflammation and IL-1ra plays an essential role. Therefore, topical administration of AEC-SC may provide a novel strategy for treating psoriasis-like inflammatory skin diseases.


Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China

National Natural Science Foundation of China

Science and Technology Innovation Plan Of Shanghai Science and Technology Commission

Higher Education Discipline Innovation Project


Springer Science and Business Media LLC


Cell Biology,Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous),Molecular Medicine,Medicine (miscellaneous)







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