Conversion of a Thiol Precursor into Aroma Compound 4-mercapto-4-methyl-2-pentanone Using Microbial Cell Extracts


Li Hao-Kai,Chang Chi-Fon,Lin Hsuan-Ju,Lin Jung-Lee,Lee Yu-Ting,Wu Yu-Hsuan,Liu Chiao-Yen,Lin Tze-Chia,Hsu Pang-HungORCID,Lin Hong-Ting VictorORCID


4-Mercapto-4-methyl-2-pentanone (4MMP), a high-impact aroma compound with the box tree and black currant flavors was first identified in wines and could be released by microbial cysteine-S-conjugate β-lyases from its precursors. In this study, various yeasts and bacteria encoding β-lyases were selected to examine their β-lyase activities. A thiol precursor of 4MMP, cysteine-conjugate of 4MMP (cys-4MMP), was synthesized with a purity of >95% in a relatively environmentally friendly approach, and its chemical structure was confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The β-lyase activities of the crude cell extract from the bacteria and yeast strains for different substrates were examined using a colorimetric method. Shewanella putrefaciens cell extract exhibited the highest β-lyase activity for all tested substrates. Additionally, the optimum pH and temperature for their β-lyase activities were determined. To monitor the conversion efficiency of precursor cys-4MMP to 4MMP, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was used. Our data indicate that selected bacteria and yeasts could convert cys-4MMP into 4MMP, and S. putrefaciens exhibited the best conversion yield. This study demonstrated the potential use of microbial cell extracts to produce sulfur-containing aroma compounds such as 4MMP.


Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan

Center of Excellence for the Oceans, National Taiwan Ocean University




Plant Science,Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous),Food Science

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