NPS-1034 Induce Cell Death with Suppression of TNFR1/NF-κB Signaling in Testicular Cancer

Author:

Chen Jian-Ting,Wang Shao-Chuan,Chen Brian-Shiian,Chang Ya-ChuanORCID,Yu Chia-Ying,Sung Wen-WeiORCID,Song Tuzz-YingORCID

Abstract

Background and objectives: NPS-1034 with a dual inhibitory effect on Met and Axl kinase receptors has exhibited therapeutic potential in previous models. However, no study on treating testicular cancer (TC) cell lines with NPS-1034 has been established. Materials and Methods: In this study, a series of in vitro examinations of the apoptotic effect induced by NPS-1034 in TC cell lines was conducted to clarify the molecular interactions involved. Results: A decrease in cell viability rate was observed following NPS-1034 treatment, as shown in the MTT assay. Induction of the apoptotic effect was observed in TC cells as the sub-G1 and Annexin-PI populations increased in a dose-dependent manner. The involvement of the tumor receptor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) pathway was later determined by the proteome array and western blotting. A reduction in TNFR1 and NF-κB downstream protein expressions, an upregulation of cleaved caspase-3 and -7, and a downregulation of survivin and claspin all reassured the underlying mechanism of the TNFR1 involved in the apoptotic pathway induced by NPS-1034. Conclusions: Our findings provide evidence for a potential underlying TNFR1 pathway involved in NPS-1034 treatment. This study should offer new insights into targeted therapy for TC.

Funder

Chung Shan Medical University Hospital

Publisher

MDPI AG

Subject

General Medicine

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