Increased Serum Levels of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Contribute to Inflammatory Responses in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Author:

Lai Ning-Sheng,Yu Hui-Chun,Huang Tseng Hsien-Yu,Hsu Chia-Wen,Huang Hsien-Bin,Lu Ming-ChiORCID

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the inflammatory responses in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Serum levels of BDNF and the precursor form of BDNF (proBDNF) from 625 RA patients and 40 controls were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Effects of BDNF on the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway were analyzed by Western blotting. Microarray analysis was conducted to search BDNF regulated gene expression in Jurkat cells, and the differentially expressed genes were validated using T cells from patients with RA and controls. Serum BDNF levels were significantly elevated in patients with RA compared with the controls. Low serum BDNF levels were found in RA patients with anxiety or receiving biologics treatment. BDNF (20 ng/mL) enhanced the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK, and c-Jun, but suppressed the phosphorylation of p38, whereas BDNF (200 ng/mL) enhanced the phosphorylation of ERK and p38. After validation, the expression of CAMK2A, MASP2, GNG13, and MUC5AC, regulated by BDNF and one of its receptors, NGFR, was increased in RA T cells. BDNF increased the IL-2, IL-17, and IFN-γ expression in Jurkat cells and IL-2 and IFN-γ secretion in activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

Funder

Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital

Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation

Publisher

MDPI AG

Subject

Inorganic Chemistry,Organic Chemistry,Physical and Theoretical Chemistry,Computer Science Applications,Spectroscopy,Molecular Biology,General Medicine,Catalysis

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