Nutritional Composition, Bioactive Compounds and Functional Evaluation of Various Parts of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp

Author:

Yang Shu-Er,Vo Thuy-Lan Thi,Chen Chien-Lin,Yang Nae-CherngORCID,Chen Chen-I,Song Tuzz-YingORCID

Abstract

The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) is one of the major grain legume crops of the tropical world and recent evidence indicates that it possesses various health benefits. However, to the best of our knowledge, no comparison has been made on the nutritional composition and biological functions of its leaves, seeds, and roots. Therefore, the present study investigates which part of the C. cajan (L.) Millsp plant has the highest potential for development as a health food product. Results show that C. cajan (L.) Millsp roots (CCR) have a higher total polyphenol content (TPC) and total flavonoids flavonoid (TFC) contents than leaves and seeds. The antioxidant, anti-hyperglycemic, and anti-bacterial activities of CCR extracted with hot water (HWCR), 50% ethanol (EECR50), and 95% ethanol (EECR95) were determined. We found that EECR95 had the strongest antioxidant activity, as evaluated by 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) and 2,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS+) scavenging, and reducing power. EECR95 exhibited higher anti-hyperglycemic ability (inhibition of α-glucosidase and α-amylase activities) and anti-glycation effects (IC50 = 39, 120 and 229 μg/mL, respectively) than HWCR and EECR50. EECR95 also exhibited potent anti-bacterial activities on E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Streptococcus mutans, with minimum inhibitory concentrations of 113, 180, 16, and 100 μg/mL, respectively. Based on above results, we conclude that CCR has considerable potential for health food development and further studies of CCR in animals to confirm these biological effects and safety issues are warranted.

Publisher

MDPI AG

Subject

Plant Science,Agronomy and Crop Science,Food Science

Reference40 articles.

1. In Vitro Antioxidant Properties, DNA Damage Protective Activity, and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Effect of Cajaninstilbene Acid, a Stilbene Compound Derived from Pigeon Pea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] Leaves

2. Ethnobotanical potentials of common herbs in Nigeria: A case study of Enugu state;Aiyeloja;Educ. Res. Rev.,2006

3. Biological activities and medicinal properties of Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp.

4. Effect of bed configuration, fertilizer levels and placement method on the productivity of long duration Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp) under rainfed condition;Pandey;J. Food Legumes,2014

5. Medicinal plants of India with anti-diabetic potential

Cited by 2 articles. 订阅此论文施引文献 订阅此论文施引文献,注册后可以免费订阅5篇论文的施引文献,订阅后可以查看论文全部施引文献

全球学者库

1.学者识别学者识别

2.学术分析学术分析

3.人才评估人才评估

"全球学者库"是以全球学者为主线,采集、加工和组织学术论文而形成的新型学术文献查询和分析系统,可以对全球学者进行文献检索和人才价值评估。用户可以通过关注某些学科领域的顶尖人物而持续追踪该领域的学科进展和研究前沿。经过近期的数据扩容,当前全球学者库共收录了国内外主流学术期刊6万余种,收集的期刊论文及会议论文总量共计约1.5亿篇,并以每天添加12000余篇中外论文的速度递增。我们也可以为用户提供个性化、定制化的学者数据。欢迎来电咨询!咨询电话:010-88110370

www.globalauthorid.com

TOP

Copyright © 2019-2022 北京同舟云网络信息技术有限公司
京公网安备11010802033243号  京ICP备18003416号-3